Varietal: 100% Garnacha de Aragón, the oldest clone of Garnacha (Grenache) worldwide. Garnacha (Grenache) was first cultivated in this northeastern corner of Spain and transferred across the Mediterranean by the medieval Kingdom of Aragón.
Vineyards: Two small mountain plots planted in the low density "Marco Real" system, located in Munébrega, Zaragoza, the southern part of D.O. Calatayud, located amongst the Sierras of Vicor, Pardos, and Armantes. Vineyards planted in 1900 and 1911. Traditional dry farmed viticulture. Organic Gobelet trained vines. Cultivated completely by hand, with minimal human intervention. The majority of the vineyards receive no treatments whatsoever. Unterraced mountainside vineyards.
Soils: Iron rich Cambrian-Silurian slate and quartz soils, partially covered by a thin layer of calcareous Mesozoic soil.
Winemaking: Spontaneous fermentation by indigenous yeasts in 2,500 L open top stainless steel temperature controlled fermenters. Short maceration to avoid over-extraction due to the tiny size of the old vine Garnacha berries. The wine finishes primary fermentation and undergoes malolactic fermentation in puncheons and demi-muids. 20 months in barrel. The first 10 months are spent in 40% new, 60% second use vessels. The following 10 are spent in neutral 600L demi-muids.